Coronavirus Superspreading Events - A Timeline

Timeline - Introduction

A running list, non-exhaustive obviously, that I've been keeping of novel coronavirus superspreading events (loosely construed). I like keeping lists, it serves to while away the time in this covidious era. Moreover, I've been wondering what the later histories will label as the most catastrophic in this ongoing shambles beyond say Mister Johnson's herd immunity regime of delay, deny and dither in Her Majesty's land, and the US federal and (certain) state governments' response to novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, between January and the present, or perhaps it might be Bolsonaro's bungling in Brazil that will trump even The Donald's dereliction of duty.

There is lot of modeling (a good summary) that suggests that it is superspreader events that have made the novel coronavirus and Covid-19 so lethal. Understanding them may help develop strategies for mitigating the risk. The Wife is a historian of medicine, her most popular classes are on the global history of disease and the like; I suppose then that I've contracted the fever of her social disease.

Taking a look at the timeline, we see what one would expect: religious events, funerals, sports (football as secular religion), conferences, the meeting circuit, parties, bars and clubs - the Dionysian impulse in essence (e.g. spring break), and comfort suites like choirs and our buffets where we get and share food. The more painful involve traditions from which we normally draw comfort. Those are unfortunate but humanity can always adjust our rituals, the human species is nothing if not adaptable. The more worrying, jarring, senseless, and yes, unforgivable, involve routine activities that are our daily normal. Deaths in these cases were eminently preventable and should have been avoided. Those involve workplaces, public transportation and what we've come to term essential work in places that we gather at with poor ventilation, sanitation or with inadequate social distancing.

Daily life should not endanger one's person, and it is intolerable that this has been the case, and with such unrelenting numbers. Going to work at a call center in Seoul, rising from your bunkbeds early to farm in Tennesee, being a migrant worker building Singapore's skyscrapers may embody a constrained normalcy, but it is normalcy nevertheless. Neither should living out your twilight years in a nursing home in Trenton, New Jersey, or a care home in Sussex in England, working on the assembly line at a company like my employer, let alone serving your time in America's prison industrial complex, or similar, packing meat at a Smithfield or Tyson agribusiness joint.

Or, to take a case close to my heart, my Uncle Mike, finding a bed at length at a rehab facility in Boris Johnson's austerity-ravaged NHS in London to recover from your stroke after months of recovery in a hospital should not be a death sentence. Your sanctuary should not become your morgue. And I see you there Mister Johnson, and you, Master Hancock, and you too Young David Cameron, you there hiding in the corner. I see all of you with your bluster, and I am keeping the receipts for your conduct. These receipts are measured in excess deaths, to use your preferred terminology, words that are intended to obscure. I am watching; indeed, the whole world is watching.

Human communal life is a contact sport. Social beasts that we are, we crave connection and community. Striving simians not far removed from the savanna, we groom each other with touch and with song. Faulty biology is a thing. The gospel of public health competes in the marketplace of ideas and often loses. Human perception of risk and probability is also at play. Anyway, less speculation, let's go the timeline...


January 19 2020 The Thousands Households Chinese New Year Banquet

More than 40,000 participants attended the potluck banquet held in Wuhan, China

January 19 2020 Bus ride in Ningbo China

An asymptomatic woman who had recently been to Wuhan took a bus with 66 other passengers to a worship event at a Buddhist temple

The first outbreak started on January 19 among 293 lay Buddhists attending an outdoor, worship event held in a temple in Ningbo city of Zhejiang province. The index and source patient was a 64-year old female lay Buddhist. This patient and 66 other passengers took a bus to the event. A second similar bus carried 59 passengers to the same event. Both buses had an air conditioning system on a re-circulating mode (vents below the windows), four openable windows (two on each side), and neither had an attached toilet.
January 20 2020 Diamond Princess cruise ship leaves Yokohama Japan
January 20 2020 Shopping mall in Wenzhou China

34 people were infected after worker on 7th floor contracted covid-19

December 2019 - March 2020 The European Strains

Travel from and within Europe preceded the first coronavirus cases in at least 93 countries across all five continents, accounting for more than half of the world’s index cases. Travel from Italy alone preceded index cases in at least 46 countries, compared to 27 countries associated with travel from China.

February 6 and February 16 2020 Patient 31's church services in Daegu South Korea

She mingled in crowds of 9,300, had direct contact with 1200

February 15 2020 Zumba workshop in gym in in Cheonan, South Korea

a workshop for Zumba fitness instructors 15. Of the 27 instructors in attendance, eight eventually tested positive. 112 cases tied to the cluster.

February 18-23 2020 Weeklong Prayer Meeting Mulhouse, France

Five days of worship that set a virus time bomb in France

The prayer meeting kicked off the biggest cluster of COVID-19 in France - one of northern Europe’s hardest-hit countries - to date, local government said. Around 2,500 confirmed cases have been linked to it. Worshippers at the church have unwittingly taken the disease caused by the virus home to the West African state of Burkina Faso, to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, to Guyana in Latin America, to Switzerland, to a French nuclear power plant, and into the workshops of one of Europe’s biggest automakers.
February 18-26 2020 Life Care Center nursing home Kirkland, Washington USA
February 19 2020 Atalanta - Valencia Champion League match 40,000 supporters

I believe this match is the prime candidate for Ground Zero of the pandemic. Italy and Spain paid an especially heavy price in its aftermath, but all of Europe was affected.

February 25 2020 Mardi Gras in New Orleans
February 26–28 2020 Biogen conference Boston
The official count of those sickened — 99, including employees and their contacts, according to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health — includes only those who live in that state. The true number across the United States is certainly higher. The first two cases in Indiana were Biogen executives. So was the first known case in Tennessee, and six of the earliest cases in North Carolina.
February 26 - 27 2020 Edinburgh Nike conference outbreak

Coronavirus: Earlier Scottish lockdown 'could have prevented 2,000 deaths'

Feb 27 to March 1 2020 The Sham Alam mosque event in Malaysia

500 infections, numerous countries affected

February 29 2020 A funeral in Albany, Georgia
March 4 2020 Ischgl ski resort Austria
At least four countries have now reported links to Ischgl, showing how the tiny village, home to no more than 1,600 permanent residents, became a major vector in spreading Covid-19. Alongside Denmark and Iceland, Germany has traced about 300 cases back to Ischgl, more than 80 of them in Hamburg and 200 in the small city of Aalen,
Some 40% of residents in the Tyrolean skiing resort that has been described as a possible “ground zero” for the pandemic in Europe have developed Covid-19 antibodies, scientists have found.

Scientists from the university of Innsbruck tested 80% of the population of Ischgl, a popular Austrian skiing destination from which tourists have been confirmed to have carried the virus to Germany, Britain, Denmark, Iceland, Belgium, the Netherlands, and even Brazil and Israel.

Of 1,259 adults and 214 children tested, 42.5% had developed antibodies for the virus.
March 7 2020 60th birthday party in Stockholm, Sweden
Ground Zero of the Swedish outbreaks, 70 of 100 guests got sick
March 8 2020 Amsterdam Mixed Choir performance

102 out of 130 singers

March 8 2020 Coronavirus Disease Outbreak in Call Center, South Korea

97 confirmed case-patients most working on the same 11th floor out of 1,143 tested

March 10 2020 WaterAid's Water and Climate event, London, UK
Event attended by Prince Charles (pictured coughing into his hand) and Prince Albert likely infected the mayor of Maputo, Mozambique and Burkina Faso's water and sanitation minister who would take the virus to their countries..
The celebrity quotient is high with this one, Canadian Premier's Justin Trudeau's wife, Idris Elba... The president of the University of Texas in Austin's wife...
March 11 2020 Liverpool v Atlético Madrid Champion's League
The Reds hosted Atletico at Anfield on 11 March in front of 52,000 fans including 3,000 from Madrid, which was already under partial lockdown.
March 13-18 2020 Spring breakers at Florida beaches
"If I get corona, I get corona..."
March 15 2020 The lines at US airports the day Trump's European travel ban came into effect...

One final viral infusion: Trump’s move to block travel from Europe triggered chaos and a surge of passengers from the outbreak’s center

March 15 2020 Friendship Baptist Church gathering of 7 black Baptist congregations in Everettville, North Central West Virginia
March 16-23 2020 UT Austin students Spring Break Cabo Beach Mexico
March 10 2020 Choir practice Skagit County, Washington
53 of the 61 contracted the coronavirus

High SARS-CoV-2 Attack Rate Following Exposure at a Choir Practice — Skagit County, Washington

March 18-21 2020 Bondi beach recalcitrants in Australia
March 18 2020 Bangladeshi mass prayer meeting

10,000 Muslims had gathered in Raipur town to pray "healing verses" from the Koran. But some eyewitnesses told the BBC the figure was closer to 30,000.

March 21 2020 Senegalese protests after that iman was arrested
March 21-28 2020 Jerry Falwell's Liberty University in Lynchburg opening after spring break
March - April 15 2020 Smithfied pork factory Sioux City

Missouri Pork Plant Workers Say They Can’t Cover Mouths to Cough

A lawsuit filed against a Smithfield Foods plant claims it has created a public nuisance by failing to protect workers from coronavirus infection.
March - April 2020 Federal prisons USA
Over 70 percent of tested inmates in federal prisons have COVID-19
March - April 2020 Supermarkets in Cape Town, South Africa
major hot spots emerged in two supermarkets and a pharmaceutical factory that supercharged the virus’s spread. The hot spots in Tygerberg and Khayelitsha were probably driven by the lockdown’s closure of spaza shops, akin to corner stores, that in turn drove many people to crowded supermarkets.
April 1-15 2020 Coronavirus at Iowa Tyson plant infected 1,031 workers, county says — far more than state or company acknowledges
April 2 2020 71 infected with coronavirus at Sacramento church. USA

Congregation tells county ‘leave us alone’

In Sacramento County last month, 71 people connected to a single church were later infected with the coronavirus.

April 16 2020 'Liberation' protests in Michigan, Kentucky, Ohio and Texas USA
April 17 2020 Governor of Khartoum refusing to cancel Friday prayers Sudan
April 19 2020 100,000 attended the funeral of popular preacher Jubayer Ahmad Ansari Bangladesh
April 28 2020 Hasidic funeral draws 2,500 Mourners (New York, USA)
April - May 1 2020 Trousdale Turner prison Tennesee - 1349 infected
April - May 1 2020 Tyson Foods Logansport plant 890 employees Indiana USA
April - May 1 2020 JBS Pork Plant Nobles County Minnesota pork processing 866 cases USA
April - May 1 2020 Triumph Foods St Josephs Missouri 300 cases USA
April - May 1 2020 Dakota City Nebraska meat plants and 669 worker infected Tyson plant Sioux City USA
April 27 2020 Fish processing factory, Tema, Ghana (533 workers)
533 souls infected at fish processing factory at Tema Ghana (out of 1100 workers at the plant)

Note: this might be community spread in Tema instead of the original claim of a single person being the super spreader

April 29 2020 Ohio prisons (1,976 prisoners) USA
Marion has one of the largest coronavirus prison outbreaks in the country, with nearly 80 percent of inmates, or about 1,976, testing positive for COVID-19, according to prison officials.
April 29 2020 Nearly 70 dead in ‘horrific’ outbreak at veterans home in Massachusetts (USA)
Sixty-eight veteran residents who tested positive for the virus have died, officials said Tuesday, and it’s not known whether another person who died had COVID-19. Another 82 residents and 81 employees have tested positive.
April 30 2020 Bar hopping in Seoul, Korea

Seoul closes down bars and clubs in wake of new coronavirus cluster

A 29-year-old South Korean man who didn’t know he had the virus went barhopping on April 30, after the country loosened restrictions. He and a friend went to five bars and clubs in Seoul. To date, 187 positive cases have been tied to this night on the town, including 93 people who visited the same nightspots as the pair.

Note that South Korean authorities had to test 35,000 people linked to club coronavirus cluster. It was a gay bar hence some patrons gave fake names to preserve anonymity.

April - May 2020 ICE detention facilities (all over US) (1,400+ detainees) USA

ICE keeps transferring detainees around the country, leading to COVID-19 outbreaks

Detainee transfers have led to COVID-19 outbreaks in facilities in at least 5 states. Despite limited testing, over 1,400 detainees have tested positive... ICE's largest outbreak is currently at Otay Mesa Detention Center in San Diego, Calif., where nearly 160 people have tested positive.
April - May 2020 Island prison in Los Angeles, CA (600+ inmates) USA
Some 600 inmates at FCI Terminal Island, roughly 57 percent of the total inmate population, have tested positive for the coronavirus,
May 1-7 2020 Coronavirus outbreak closes German meat-packing plant
The localized spike in cases comes after a test Thursday of 200 employees at the Westfleisch meat processing plant revealed 151 were positive for COVID-19.
Coronavirus highlights scandalous conditions in Germany's meat industry
Foreign workers are forced to endure inhumane living conditions so that we can eat cheap meat.
April - May 2020 Lousiana prison Elayn Hunt Correctional Center in St. Gabriel USA

Most women in 1 Louisiana prison dorm have COVID-19

He said 39 women fell ill with the disease caused by the novel coronavirus so the rest of the women housed at Hunt — 155 who did not have symptoms — were also tested. Of those who did not have symptoms, 117 were infected
May 10 2020 Mother's Day church service California USA
A person who was Covid-19 positive attended a church service and exposed 180 people, officials say
May 10 2020 Church service Hanau Germany

Coronavirus cluster traced to German church

May 1-12 2020 Missouri hairstylist USA
A hairstylist worked while symptomatic and exposed 91 people to coronavirus
May 1-17 2020 Markets in Peru

Coronavirus outbreak 'Hubs of infection': how Covid-19 spread through Latin America's markets

May 23 2020 High school swim party in Arkansas USA
May 21 2020 570 Workers Test Positive For Coronavirus At North Carolina Poultry Plant USA
May 23 2020 Market in Java, Indonesia

a major market in Central Java was shut due to a COVID-19 outbreak.

May 23 2020 Coronavirus in South Africa: Outbreak closes Mponeng gold mine
Operations at the world's deepest gold mine, in South Africa, have been halted after 164 cases of coronavirus were detected there. It had been operating at 50% capacity but some workers have reportedly raised concerns about their safety. Most of those who tested positive were not showing any symptoms.
May 23 2020 Memorial Day pool party in Missouri

Partygoer at Lake of the Ozarks pool party tests positive for COVID-19, potentially exposing hundreds

May 25 2020 Hundreds test positive at meatpacking plant in Brazil
Brazilian meatpacker BRF said in a statement that nearly 340 people, or 6.6 per cent of workers, at its Concordia plant in Santa Catarina state had tested positive for the virus.
May 25 2020 Coronavirus outbreaks hits Farmer John, 8 other plants in Vernon
The largest outbreak occurred at the Smithfield Foods-owned Farmer John plant — producer of the beloved Dodger Dog — where 153 of 1,837 employees tested positive for COVID-19 between March and May. Between five and 24 employees at each of the facilities tested positive, county data show, although it wasn’t clear when those numbers were last updated. By the county’s standards, an outbreak has occurred when five or more workers have contracted the novel coronavirus.
May 20-29 2020 Coupang distribution of Bucheon, Itaewon South Korea
According to Yonhap News, some 266 cases have been traced to the Itaewon cluster.
May 28 2020 Farm in Tennessee USA
Every Single Worker Has Covid at One U.S. Farm on Eve of Harvest One farm in Tennessee distributed Covid-19 tests to all of its workers after an employee came down with the virus. It turned out that every single one of its roughly 200 employees had been infected.
May 28 2020 Gloucester County farm USA
In New Jersey, more than 50 workers had the virus at a farm in Gloucester County, adding to nearly 60 who fell ill in neighboring Salem County
May 30 2020 Coal mine in Poland
Out of 221 new infection cases reported by Saturday morning, 178 were identified in the Silesia mining region in southern Poland, which so far has showed the highest number of coronavirus infections as coal companies are still receiving the results of large-scale coronavirus tests conducted on mine workers.
May 28 2020 Belgian Prince Joachim tests positive after lockdown party Spain
Prince Joachim, 28, travelled from Belgium to Spain for an internship on 26 May, the palace said. Two days later, he went to a party in the southern city of Córdoba, before testing positive for Covid-19. Spanish reports suggest the prince, a nephew of Belgium's King Philippe, was among 27 people at the party.
For fun see King Leopold Haunts Congo Again
May 20 - June 1 2020 Schools in Jerusalem, Israel
Israel has told almost 10,000 students and teachers to quarantine at home as it struggles to stem an outbreak of coronavirus in schools three weeks after reopening its economy... at least 220 students and teachers were confirmed to have been infected in the past few days, including more than 150 from a single school in an upscale Jerusalem neighbourhood.
May 30 2020 North Texas family shaken after 18 relatives test positive for COVID-19 following surprise birthday party
one family is shouldering a health crisis that they never expected to face. That crisis, all began on May 30 when just a single relative, unknowingly infected with COVID-19, interacted with seven family members at a surprise birthday party.

Those seven family members then contracted and spread the virus to 10 other relatives. Now, Ron Barbosa is keeping track of 18 people in his family who have tested positive for COVID-19.

June 3 2020 Adama Traoré protests, France
In Paris, the authorities barred gatherings in front of the U.S. Embassy, but thousands protested there anyway in the late afternoon, as well as near the Eiffel Tower, echoing a protest on Wednesday that drew nearly 20,000 people to remember Adama Traoré, a Frenchman who died in police custody in 2016.
May 25 2020 - present George Floyd protests, Anytown USA
May - June 6 2020 Iranian wedding party fuelled new COVID-19 surge, President Rouhani says

A wedding party contributed to a new surge in coronavirus infections in Iran, President Hassan Rouhani said on Saturday but insisted the country had no option but to keep its economy open despite warnings of a second wave of the epidemic.

Iran, which has been gradually relaxing its lockdown since mid-April, has reported a sharp rise of new daily infections in recent days. Thursday’s toll of 3,574 new cases was the highest since February, when the outbreak was first reported.

June 13 2020 Fresh cluster prompts partial Beijing lockdown (China)

Eleven residential estates in south Beijing have been locked down due to a fresh cluster of coronavirus cases linked to a nearby meat market, local officials said on Saturday.

Forty-five out of 517 samples so far collected from merchants and employees at the Xinfadi meat market have tested positive for the virus, according to the People's Daily.

A second market, which provides 90% of the city's fruits and vegetables, was also shut after a cluster of four new Covid-19 cases was traced back to the site. Nine nearby schools and kindergartens have told to close next week.

[Update June 30 2020]

China puts 500,000 in lockdown as coronavirus cases rise again

The current outbreak was first detected in mid-June and has been traced back to Beijing's sprawling Xinfadi wholesale food market, which supplies much of the city's fresh produce, sparking concerns over the safety of the food supply chain. Nearly a third of the cases so far have been linked to one beef and mutton section in the market, where workers are being made to quarantine for a month, city

June 16 2020 Oregon’s biggest coronavirus outbreak yet is linked to Union County church, state officials confirm (USA)

At least 236 coronavirus cases have been linked to an outbreak at Lighthouse United Pentecostal Church in Union County’s Island City, a small town near La Grande... The outbreak accounts for 47% of the 462 cases reported statewide since Monday... public health officials were just beginning the process of contact tracing to track how far the virus might have spread throughout Island City and La Grande. The city of La Grande holds more than half the county’s population of 27,000 people.

June 17 2020 Hundreds of abattoir workers test positive in Germany

More than 650 people have tested positive for the virus at the meat processing plant in Gütersloh, in the north-west of the country. Operations at the site have been suspended since Wednesday afternoon. Over 1,000 workers have been tested so far, with thousands of others still awaiting testing.

This is not the first time a meat processing plant has found itself at the centre of a coronavirus outbreak. Last month, Germany agreed a proposal banning the use of temporary workers at abattoirs following a spate of infections in Münster and Coesfeld, North Rhine-Westphalia. The issue has brought a renewed focus on the poor working conditions in the sector, with some of the meat workers in previous outbreaks reported to have been living in shared accommodation.

[Update: June 23 2020]
Coronavirus: German outbreak sparks fresh local lockdowns
German authorities in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia have reimposed lockdown restrictions in two districts after a spike in cases, with more than half a million people affected.

One area is home to a meatpacking plant where more than 1,500 workers have tested positive.

On Tuesday morning, Mr Laschet described the outbreak linked to the Tönnies meatpacking plant, south-west of the city of Gütersloh, as the "biggest infection incident" in the country.
[Update June 29 2020]
Germany: Gütersloh slaughterhouse infections spread to community

Over the past seven days, 75 cases were found in the wider population with no connection to the abattoir. By Friday evening, 2,203 coronavirus infections were recorded in the Gütersloh district, most of whom worked in the meat plant or were associated with it. The outbreak has led to a state decree that all employees in the meat industry must be tested for the coronavirus at least twice a week starting in July.

June 18 2020 Welsh chicken factory closes for two weeks over Covid-19 in staff Wales

Fifty-eight coronavirus cases confirmed among workers at 2 Sisters facility on Anglesey. The UK’s main supplier of supermarket chicken has shut one of its factories for two weeks after an outbreak of coronavirus among the plant’s staff...

United welcomed the move to close the Anglesey facility and predicted similar problems could arise throughout the meat processing sector.

June 18 2020 60 confirmed COVID-19 cases at Luling nursing home facility Wales

A nursing home facility in Luling Texas has 60 confirmed COVID-19 cases out of 150 residents and staff that were tested, according to the Caldwell County Office of Emergency Management.

June 26 2020 Seasonal Fruit Pickers at apartment complex illegally occupied by hundreds of migrant workers in Naples Italy

more than 40 people living at the abandoned buildings in Mondragone, 45 km from Naples, had tested positive for COVID-19, and warned the entire town could be quarantined if the outbreak proves widespread.

Many of those living at the complex are Bulgarians working as seasonal fruit pickers in the fields around the town.

June 28 2020 Patrons are asked to self-quarantine after about 85 people who visited a Michigan bar get Covid-19 (USA)

The Health Department is asking patrons who visited Harper's Restaurant & Brew Pub between June 12 and June 20 to self-quarantine, and report cases of Covid-19.... The bar opted to close down temporarily to install air purifiers and to eliminate lines, a post says on its Facebook page.

June 29 2020 Leicester coronavirus outbreak started in food processing sites & spread through clothes factories as 10% test positive (England)

Leicester was today put into the UK's first local lockdown after a worrying spike saw 866 new cases recorded in just two weeks. The shocking numbers mean that the city accounts for 10 per cent of all coronavirus cases in the UK.

And it is understood that the outbreak originated in food processing sites - with Leicester particularly hit due to its high number of garment and sewing factories. Both the Samworth Brothers sandwich firm and Ethically Sourced Products clothes factory have been named as sites of minor outbreaks.

June 30 2020 Bihar: Groom dead, 95 guests who attended wedding test positive for coronavirus in Patna (India)
In what could be a case of mass spreading of Covid-19, as many as 95 guests who attended a wedding in Patna on June 15 have tested positive. The groom, who was symptomatic, had died two days after the wedding.
May - June 30 2020 San Quentin prison outbreak affect 1313 inmates (California, USA)
“The inmates had tested negative for the disease before they were moved to San Quentin,” Kelso said. “But many of those tests were 2-3 weeks old — far too old to be an indicator for the absence of the virus.” Once the inmates arrived at San Quentin, they were tested again. “San Quentin is in crisis,” he said. “Upon retesting at San Quentin, 25 out of the 125 inmates tested positive and San Quentin almost immediately fell behind the virus.” As of Wednesday morning, there were 1,313 confirmed active COVID-19 cases among the inmates housed at the prison. Of those at least 40 have been transferred out of the prison under heavy security to local hospitals for treatment, filling up critical care and ICU beds.
July 2 2020 one 'super spreader' could be responsible for Melbourne spike in cases Australia
Victoria has announced 66 new cases of Covid-19 as the state’s health minister revealed Melbourne’s wave of new cases could potentially be traced back to a single “super spreader” of the virus.

“On Tuesday, I received a briefing of a genomic sequencing report that seemed to suggest that there seems to be a single source of infection for many of the cases that have gone across the northern and western suburbs of Melbourne,” the minister, Jenny Mikakos, said on Friday. “It appears to be even potentially a super spreader that has caused this upsurge in cases.”

Australia Thought it tamed the beast. It didn't

It spread in part because of the sharing of a cigarette lighter among security guards working at a hotel where returning international travelers are being quarantined. It later circulated in low-income neighborhoods in the Melbourne area with sizable migrant populations, including inside a supermarket distribution center.

July 3 2020 Revelers flock to Myrtle Beach and the Virus Follows Them Home South Carolina USA
A popular spring break and summertime destination on the South Carolina coast is linked to clusters of coronavirus cases among teenagers and young adults in several states.

Around 400 teenagers from Loudoun County, Va., trekked in June to the Grand Strand, as this stretch of the South Carolina coast is known, to experience the region’s reputation for teenage debauchery... More than 100 of the Loudoun County teenagers have since tested positive, and public health officials think the number will keep rising.

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