Timeline - Introduction
A running list, non-exhaustive obviously, that I've been keeping of novel coronavirus superspreading events (loosely construed). I like keeping lists, it serves to while away the time in this covidious era. Moreover, I've been wondering what the later histories will label as the most catastrophic in this ongoing shambles beyond say Mister Johnson's herd immunity regime of delay, deny and dither in Her Majesty's land, and the US federal and (certain) state governments' response to novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, between January and the present, or perhaps it might be Bolsonaro's bungling in Brazil that will trump even The Donald's dereliction of duty.
There is lot of modeling (a good summary) that suggests that it is superspreader events that have made the novel coronavirus and Covid-19 so lethal. Understanding them may help develop strategies for mitigating the risk. The Wife is a historian of medicine, her most popular classes are on the global history of disease and the like; I suppose then that I've contracted the fever of her social disease.
Taking a look at the timeline, we see what one would expect: religious events, funerals, sports (football as secular religion), conferences, the meeting circuit, parties, bars and clubs - the Dionysian impulse in essence (e.g. spring break), and comfort suites like choirs and our buffets where we get and share food. The more painful involve traditions from which we normally draw comfort. Those are unfortunate but humanity can always adjust our rituals, the human species is nothing if not adaptable. The more worrying, jarring, senseless, and yes, unforgivable, involve routine activities that are our daily normal. Deaths in these cases were eminently preventable and should have been avoided. Those involve workplaces, public transportation and what we've come to term essential work in places that we gather at with poor ventilation, sanitation or with inadequate social distancing.
Daily life should not endanger one's person, and it is intolerable that this has been the case, and with such unrelenting numbers. Going to work at a call center in Seoul, rising from your bunkbeds early to farm in Tennesee, being a migrant worker building Singapore's skyscrapers may embody a constrained normalcy, but it is normalcy nevertheless. Neither should living out your twilight years in a nursing home in Trenton, New Jersey, or a care home in Sussex in England, working on the assembly line at a company like my employer, let alone serving your time in America's prison industrial complex, or similar, packing meat at a Smithfield or Tyson agribusiness joint.
Or, to take a case close to my heart, my Uncle Mike, finding a bed at length at a rehab facility in Boris Johnson's austerity-ravaged NHS in London to recover from your stroke after months of recovery in a hospital should not be a death sentence. Your sanctuary should not become your morgue. And I see you there Mister Johnson, and you, Master Hancock, and you too Young David Cameron, you there hiding in the corner. I see all of you with your bluster, and I am keeping the receipts for your conduct. These receipts are measured in excess deaths, to use your preferred terminology, words that are intended to obscure. I am watching; indeed, the whole world is watching.
Human communal life is a contact sport. Social beasts that we are, we crave connection and community. Striving simians not far removed from the savanna, we groom each other with touch and with song. Faulty biology is a thing. The gospel of public health competes in the marketplace of ideas and often loses. Human perception of risk and probability is also at play. Anyway, less speculation, let's go the timeline...
|January 19 2020|| The Thousands Households Chinese New Year Banquet
More than 40,000 participants attended the potluck banquet held in Wuhan, China
|January 19 2020|| Bus ride in Ningbo China
The first outbreak started on January 19 among 293 lay Buddhists attending an outdoor, worship event held in a temple in Ningbo city of Zhejiang province. The index and source patient was a 64-year old female lay Buddhist. This patient and 66 other passengers took a bus to the event. A second similar bus carried 59 passengers to the same event. Both buses had an air conditioning system on a re-circulating mode (vents below the windows), four openable windows (two on each side), and neither had an attached toilet.
|January 20 2020||Diamond Princess cruise ship leaves Yokohama Japan|
|January 20 2020||Shopping mall in Wenzhou China
34 people were infected after worker on 7th floor contracted covid-19
|December 2019 - March 2020||The European Strains
Travel from and within Europe preceded the first coronavirus cases in at least 93 countries across all five continents, accounting for more than half of the world’s index cases. Travel from Italy alone preceded index cases in at least 46 countries, compared to 27 countries associated with travel from China.
|February 6 and February 16 2020|| Patient 31's church services in Daegu South Korea
She mingled in crowds of 9,300, had direct contact with 1200
|February 15 2020|| Zumba workshop in gym in in Cheonan, South Korea
a workshop for Zumba fitness instructors 15. Of the 27 instructors in attendance, eight eventually tested positive. 112 cases tied to the cluster.
|February 18-23 2020|| Weeklong Prayer Meeting Mulhouse, France
The prayer meeting kicked off the biggest cluster of COVID-19 in France - one of northern Europe’s hardest-hit countries - to date, local government said. Around 2,500 confirmed cases have been linked to it. Worshippers at the church have unwittingly taken the disease caused by the virus home to the West African state of Burkina Faso, to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, to Guyana in Latin America, to Switzerland, to a French nuclear power plant, and into the workshops of one of Europe’s biggest automakers.
|February 18-26 2020||Life Care Center nursing home Kirkland, Washington USA|
|February 19 2020||Atalanta - Valencia Champion League match 40,000 supporters
I believe this match is the prime candidate for Ground Zero of the pandemic. Italy and Spain paid an especially heavy price in its aftermath, but all of Europe was affected.
|February 25 2020||Mardi Gras in New Orleans|
|February 26–28 2020||Biogen conference Boston
The official count of those sickened — 99, including employees and their contacts, according to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health — includes only those who live in that state. The true number across the United States is certainly higher. The first two cases in Indiana were Biogen executives. So was the first known case in Tennessee, and six of the earliest cases in North Carolina.
|February 26 - 27 2020|| Edinburgh Nike conference outbreak
Coronavirus: Earlier Scottish lockdown 'could have prevented 2,000 deaths'
|Feb 27 to March 1 2020||The Sham Alam mosque event in Malaysia
500 infections, numerous countries affected
|February 29 2020||A funeral in Albany, Georgia|
|March 4 2020||Ischgl ski resort Austria
At least four countries have now reported links to Ischgl, showing how the tiny village, home to no more than 1,600 permanent residents, became a major vector in spreading Covid-19. Alongside Denmark and Iceland, Germany has traced about 300 cases back to Ischgl, more than 80 of them in Hamburg and 200 in the small city of Aalen,
Some 40% of residents in the Tyrolean skiing resort that has been described as a possible “ground zero” for the pandemic in Europe have developed Covid-19 antibodies, scientists have found.
|March 7 2020||60th birthday party in Stockholm, Sweden
Ground Zero of the Swedish outbreaks, 70 of 100 guests got sick
|March 8 2020|| Amsterdam Mixed Choir performance|
102 out of 130 singers
|March 8 2020||Coronavirus Disease Outbreak in Call Center, South Korea|
97 confirmed case-patients most working on the same 11th floor out of 1,143 tested
|March 10 2020||WaterAid's Water and Climate event, London, UK
Event attended by Prince Charles (pictured coughing into his hand) and Prince Albert likely infected the mayor of Maputo, Mozambique and Burkina Faso's water and sanitation minister who would take the virus to their countries..
|March 11 2020|| Liverpool v Atlético Madrid Champion's League
The Reds hosted Atletico at Anfield on 11 March in front of 52,000 fans including 3,000 from Madrid, which was already under partial lockdown.
|March 13-18 2020|| Spring breakers at Florida beaches
"If I get corona, I get corona..."
|March 15 2020||The lines at US airports the day Trump's European travel ban came into effect...
One final viral infusion: Trump’s move to block travel from Europe triggered chaos and a surge of passengers from the outbreak’s center
|March 15 2020||Friendship Baptist Church gathering of 7 black Baptist congregations in Everettville, North Central West Virginia|
|March 16-23 2020||UT Austin students Spring Break Cabo Beach Mexico|
|March 10 2020||Choir practice Skagit County, Washington
53 of the 61 contracted the coronavirus
|March 18-21 2020||Bondi beach recalcitrants in Australia|
|March 18 2020||Bangladeshi mass prayer meeting
10,000 Muslims had gathered in Raipur town to pray "healing verses" from the Koran. But some eyewitnesses told the BBC the figure was closer to 30,000.
|March 21 2020||Senegalese protests after that iman was arrested|
|March 21-28 2020||Jerry Falwell's Liberty University in Lynchburg opening after spring break|
|March - April 15 2020||Smithfied pork factory Sioux City |
A lawsuit filed against a Smithfield Foods plant claims it has created a public nuisance by failing to protect workers from coronavirus infection.
|March - April 2020||Federal prisons USA|
Over 70 percent of tested inmates in federal prisons have COVID-19
|March - April 2020||Supermarkets in Cape Town, South Africa
major hot spots emerged in two supermarkets and a pharmaceutical factory that supercharged the virus’s spread. The hot spots in Tygerberg and Khayelitsha were probably driven by the lockdown’s closure of spaza shops, akin to corner stores, that in turn drove many people to crowded supermarkets.
|April 1-15 2020||Coronavirus at Iowa Tyson plant infected 1,031 workers, county says — far more than state or company acknowledges|
|April 2 2020||71 infected with coronavirus at Sacramento church. USA
Congregation tells county ‘leave us alone’
In Sacramento County last month, 71 people connected to a single church were later infected with the coronavirus.
|April 16 2020||'Liberation' protests in Michigan, Kentucky, Ohio and Texas USA|
|April 17 2020||Governor of Khartoum refusing to cancel Friday prayers Sudan|
|April 19 2020||100,000 attended the funeral of popular preacher Jubayer Ahmad Ansari Bangladesh|
|April 28 2020||Hasidic funeral draws 2,500 Mourners (New York, USA)|
|April - May 1 2020||Trousdale Turner prison Tennesee - 1349 infected|
|April - May 1 2020||Tyson Foods Logansport plant 890 employees Indiana USA|
|April - May 1 2020||JBS Pork Plant Nobles County Minnesota pork processing 866 cases USA|
|April - May 1 2020||Triumph Foods St Josephs Missouri 300 cases USA|
|April - May 1 2020||Dakota City Nebraska meat plants and 669 worker infected Tyson plant Sioux City USA|
|April 27 2020||Fish processing factory, Tema, Ghana (533 workers)
533 souls infected at fish processing factory at Tema Ghana (out of 1100 workers at the plant)
|April 29 2020||Ohio prisons (1,976 prisoners) USA
Marion has one of the largest coronavirus prison outbreaks in the country, with nearly 80 percent of inmates, or about 1,976, testing positive for COVID-19, according to prison officials.
|April 29 2020||Nearly 70 dead in ‘horrific’ outbreak at veterans home in Massachusetts (USA)
Sixty-eight veteran residents who tested positive for the virus have died, officials said Tuesday, and it’s not known whether another person who died had COVID-19. Another 82 residents and 81 employees have tested positive.
|April 30 2020||Bar hopping in Seoul, Korea|
Seoul closes down bars and clubs in wake of new coronavirus cluster
A 29-year-old South Korean man who didn’t know he had the virus went barhopping on April 30, after the country loosened restrictions. He and a friend went to five bars and clubs in Seoul. To date, 187 positive cases have been tied to this night on the town, including 93 people who visited the same nightspots as the pair.
Note that South Korean authorities had to test 35,000 people linked to club coronavirus cluster. It was a gay bar hence some patrons gave fake names to preserve anonymity.
|April - May 2020|| ICE detention facilities (all over US) (1,400+ detainees) USA
ICE keeps transferring detainees around the country, leading to COVID-19 outbreaks
Detainee transfers have led to COVID-19 outbreaks in facilities in at least 5 states. Despite limited testing, over 1,400 detainees have tested positive... ICE's largest outbreak is currently at Otay Mesa Detention Center in San Diego, Calif., where nearly 160 people have tested positive.
|April - May 2020|| Island prison in Los Angeles, CA (600+ inmates) USA
Some 600 inmates at FCI Terminal Island, roughly 57 percent of the total inmate population, have tested positive for the coronavirus,
|May 1-7 2020||Coronavirus outbreak closes German meat-packing plant
The localized spike in cases comes after a test Thursday of 200 employees at the Westfleisch meat processing plant revealed 151 were positive for COVID-19.Coronavirus highlights scandalous conditions in Germany's meat industry
Foreign workers are forced to endure inhumane living conditions so that we can eat cheap meat.
|April - May 2020||Lousiana prison Elayn Hunt Correctional Center in St. Gabriel USA
Most women in 1 Louisiana prison dorm have COVID-19
He said 39 women fell ill with the disease caused by the novel coronavirus so the rest of the women housed at Hunt — 155 who did not have symptoms — were also tested. Of those who did not have symptoms, 117 were infected
|May 10 2020||Mother's Day church service California USA
A person who was Covid-19 positive attended a church service and exposed 180 people, officials say
|May 10 2020||Church service Hanau Germany
Coronavirus cluster traced to German church
|May 1-12 2020||Missouri hairstylist USA
A hairstylist worked while symptomatic and exposed 91 people to coronavirus
|May 1-17 2020||Markets in Peru
Coronavirus outbreak 'Hubs of infection': how Covid-19 spread through Latin America's markets
|May 23 2020||High school swim party in Arkansas USA|
|May 21 2020||570 Workers Test Positive For Coronavirus At North Carolina Poultry Plant USA|
|May 23 2020||Market in Java, Indonesia|
a major market in Central Java was shut due to a COVID-19 outbreak.
|May 23 2020||Coronavirus in South Africa: Outbreak closes Mponeng gold mine
Operations at the world's deepest gold mine, in South Africa, have been halted after 164 cases of coronavirus were detected there. It had been operating at 50% capacity but some workers have reportedly raised concerns about their safety. Most of those who tested positive were not showing any symptoms.
|May 23 2020||Memorial Day pool party in Missouri|
Partygoer at Lake of the Ozarks pool party tests positive for COVID-19, potentially exposing hundreds
|May 25 2020||Hundreds test positive at meatpacking plant in Brazil
Brazilian meatpacker BRF said in a statement that nearly 340 people, or 6.6 per cent of workers, at its Concordia plant in Santa Catarina state had tested positive for the virus.
|May 25 2020||
Coronavirus outbreaks hits Farmer John, 8 other plants in Vernon
The largest outbreak occurred at the Smithfield Foods-owned Farmer John plant — producer of the beloved Dodger Dog — where 153 of 1,837 employees tested positive for COVID-19 between March and May. Between five and 24 employees at each of the facilities tested positive, county data show, although it wasn’t clear when those numbers were last updated. By the county’s standards, an outbreak has occurred when five or more workers have contracted the novel coronavirus.
|May 20-29 2020|| Coupang distribution warehouse.city of Bucheon, Itaewon South Korea
According to Yonhap News, some 266 cases have been traced to the Itaewon cluster.
|May 28 2020||Farm in Tennessee USA
Every Single Worker Has Covid at One U.S. Farm on Eve of Harvest One farm in Tennessee distributed Covid-19 tests to all of its workers after an employee came down with the virus. It turned out that every single one of its roughly 200 employees had been infected.
|May 28 2020||Gloucester County farm USA
In New Jersey, more than 50 workers had the virus at a farm in Gloucester County, adding to nearly 60 who fell ill in neighboring Salem County
|May 30 2020|| Coal mine in Poland
Out of 221 new infection cases reported by Saturday morning, 178 were identified in the Silesia mining region in southern Poland, which so far has showed the highest number of coronavirus infections as coal companies are still receiving the results of large-scale coronavirus tests conducted on mine workers.
|May 28 2020|| Belgian Prince Joachim tests positive after lockdown party Spain
Prince Joachim, 28, travelled from Belgium to Spain for an internship on 26 May, the palace said. Two days later, he went to a party in the southern city of Córdoba, before testing positive for Covid-19. Spanish reports suggest the prince, a nephew of Belgium's King Philippe, was among 27 people at the party.For fun see King Leopold Haunts Congo Again
|May 20 - June 1 2020||Schools in Jerusalem, Israel
Israel has told almost 10,000 students and teachers to quarantine at home as it struggles to stem an outbreak of coronavirus in schools three weeks after reopening its economy... at least 220 students and teachers were confirmed to have been infected in the past few days, including more than 150 from a single school in an upscale Jerusalem neighbourhood.
|May 30 2020||North Texas family shaken after 18 relatives test positive for COVID-19 following surprise birthday party
one family is shouldering a health crisis that they never expected to face. That crisis, all began on May 30 when just a single relative, unknowingly infected with COVID-19, interacted with seven family members at a surprise birthday party.
|June 3 2020||Adama Traoré protests, France
In Paris, the authorities barred gatherings in front of the U.S. Embassy, but thousands protested there anyway in the late afternoon, as well as near the Eiffel Tower, echoing a protest on Wednesday that drew nearly 20,000 people to remember Adama Traoré, a Frenchman who died in police custody in 2016.
|May 25 2020 - present||George Floyd protests, Anytown USA|
|May - June 6 2020||Iranian wedding party fuelled new COVID-19 surge, President Rouhani says
|June 13 2020||Fresh cluster prompts partial Beijing lockdown (China)
[Update June 30 2020]China puts 500,000 in lockdown as coronavirus cases rise again
|June 16 2020||Oregon’s biggest coronavirus outbreak yet is linked to Union County church, state officials confirm (USA)
|June 17 2020||Hundreds of abattoir workers test positive in Germany
[Update: June 23 2020]
Coronavirus: German outbreak sparks fresh local lockdowns
German authorities in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia have reimposed lockdown restrictions in two districts after a spike in cases, with more than half a million people affected.[Update June 29 2020]
Germany: Gütersloh slaughterhouse infections spread to community
Over the past seven days, 75 cases were found in the wider population with no connection to the abattoir. By Friday evening, 2,203 coronavirus infections were recorded in the Gütersloh district, most of whom worked in the meat plant or were associated with it. The outbreak has led to a state decree that all employees in the meat industry must be tested for the coronavirus at least twice a week starting in July.
|June 18 2020||Welsh chicken factory closes for two weeks over Covid-19 in staff Wales
|June 18 2020||60 confirmed COVID-19 cases at Luling nursing home facility Wales
|June 26 2020||Seasonal Fruit Pickers at apartment complex illegally occupied by hundreds of migrant workers in Naples Italy
|June 28 2020||Patrons are asked to self-quarantine after about 85 people who visited a Michigan bar get Covid-19 (USA)
|June 29 2020||Leicester coronavirus outbreak started in food processing sites & spread through clothes factories as 10% test positive (England)
|June 30 2020||Bihar: Groom dead, 95 guests who attended wedding test positive for coronavirus in Patna (India)
In what could be a case of mass spreading of Covid-19, as many as 95 guests who attended a wedding in Patna on June 15 have tested positive. The groom, who was symptomatic, had died two days after the wedding.
|May - June 30 2020||San Quentin prison outbreak affect 1313 inmates (California, USA)
“The inmates had tested negative for the disease before they were moved to San Quentin,” Kelso said. “But many of those tests were 2-3 weeks old — far too old to be an indicator for the absence of the virus.” Once the inmates arrived at San Quentin, they were tested again. “San Quentin is in crisis,” he said. “Upon retesting at San Quentin, 25 out of the 125 inmates tested positive and San Quentin almost immediately fell behind the virus.” As of Wednesday morning, there were 1,313 confirmed active COVID-19 cases among the inmates housed at the prison. Of those at least 40 have been transferred out of the prison under heavy security to local hospitals for treatment, filling up critical care and ICU beds.
|July 2 2020||one 'super spreader' could be responsible for Melbourne spike in cases Australia
Victoria has announced 66 new cases of Covid-19 as the state’s health minister revealed Melbourne’s wave of new cases could potentially be traced back to a single “super spreader” of the virus.
|July 3 2020||Revelers flock to Myrtle Beach and the Virus Follows Them Home South Carolina USA
A popular spring break and summertime destination on the South Carolina coast is linked to clusters of coronavirus cases among teenagers and young adults in several states.